Economic Burden of Illness
A Health Canada report, Economic Burden of Illness In Canada, 1993, attempted to quantify both direct costs (traditional expenditures) and indirect costs related to illness and injury. The researchers estimated indirect costs by measuring the present value of lost productivity due to long term disability, short term disability and premature death.
COSTS BY HIGHEST RANKING DIAGNOSTIC CATEGORIES (1993)
At 19.7 billion, cardiovascular disease ranked highest in terms of total costs (both direct and indirect). It was followed by musculoskeletal disease ($17.8 billion), injuries ($14.3 billion) and cancer ($13.1 billion). These 4 categories represented more than 50% of the total costs that could be classified by diagnostic category.
Indirect costs of mortality, long term disability and short term disability were highest for musculoskeletal diseases (18%) followed by cardiovascular diseases (14.5%) and injuries (13.2%).